A fruitful means of hearing of the Mass is to meditate upon the whole history of Redemption that is represented in the ceremonies of the Mass. Here is a helpful breakdown of how the history of Redemption is presented, according to The Catechism Explained (by Rev. Francis Spirago, ed. Clarke, TAN Books and Publishers, Inc., 1993, Imprimatur, Patrick J. Hayes 1921), Part III, 4, 2:
1. The opening prayers, said by the priest at the foot of the altar, and at a little distance from it, are emblematic of the 4000 years during which man was comparatively far from God, and looking for the redemption.
2. The Kyrie, repeated nine times, and the Gloria, signify the book of Christ, and the song of praise sung by the nine choirs of angels at Bethlehem.
3. The Orationes, the youth of Our Lord, which was passed in prayer and seclusion from the world.
4. The Epistle, the carrying across of the missal, the Gospel and the Creed, are to remind us that the Gospel was first preached to the Jews, and being rejected by them, was proclaimed to the Gentiles, many of whom believed and were baptized.
5. The offertory represents Our Lord’s preparation for His Passion, and His willingness to surrender His life.
6. The preface, which ends with the words: “Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord, Hosanna in the highest” (from the Sanctus), represents Christ’s entry into Jerusalem.
7. The prayer for the living, His prayer for the Church before the Last Supper.
8. The five crosses which the priest makes over the oblation are symbolical of the five times that Our Lord was mocked, before Annas, Caiphas, Herod, Pilate, and once again before Herod.
9. The elevation of the bread and wine, of His lifting up on the cross.
10. The five crosses made from time to time over the elements, of the five sacred wounds.
11. The seven petitions of the Lord’s Prayer represent the seven wounds upon the cross.
12. The breaking of the Host, the death of Christ, when His soul and body were parted.
13. When the priest says the Agnus Dei and strikes his breast, it recalls the action of the soldiers and others present upon Calvary, who, amazed at the stupendous convulsions of nature, struck their breasts, while the centurion exclaimed: “Indeed this man was the Son of God!” (Lk. 23, 48; Mk 15. 39).
14. The communion represents the burial of Christ.
15. The Dominus vobiscum, twice repeated, His salutation of the apostles on His twofold appearacne to them after His resurrection.
16. The words of dismissal, Ite, missa est, His ascension, when He sent His apostles forth to evangelize the world, and blessed them for the last time.
17. And the Last Gospel, the propagation of the Gospel after the descent of the Holy Ghost.
Thus the Mass is seen to be a brief compendium of Our Lord’s life; in one half hour all is depicted which He did during thirty-three years upon earth (Cochem).